Isoniazid is a type of medication that’s used for treating tuberculosis. Because it can be toxic when mixed with certain other medications, patients are often warned to tell their doctor if they take any prescription drugs. Isoniazid may interfere with the effects of many drugs and vitamins.
Isoniazid is an antibiotic, so it doesn’t have to be taken with other antibiotics. Most people take it with a vitamin B complex, but they should tell their doctor before doing so. It works by killing bacteria and stopping them from spreading in the body.
What Does Health Care Professional Do When Giving Isoniazid To Patient?
Nurses can administer Isoniazid to patients by giving them the medication orally or prescribing it in pill form and telling them how to take their medication.
Nurses should not administer INH Isoniazid intravenously because of the danger associated with this route of administration. For the same reason, nurses should not mix IVs with other medications intended to be taken orally (e.g., cough medicines).
Nurses also need to instruct their patients on monitoring and controlling side effects, including liver enzyme elevation and peripheral neuropathy; these are symptoms that should be reported immediately so treatment can be started if needed.
In addition, nurses need to monitor patients for signs of hepatitis, especially alcoholics and patients over 30. Nurses should also screen for TB because INH Isoniazid has the potential to mask tuberculosis symptoms.
This drug can also cause blood dyscrasias, and the patient’s CBC should be monitored closely. Nurses should not administer Isoniazid to any person with a history of liver disease or jaundice associated with penicillin therapy.
Several antidotes are available in case of an overdose of Isoniazid; however, nurses can only administer these antidotes if they have been trained in their use and are familiar with their common side effects (e.g., nausea).
In addition, nurses need to inform their patients of the availability of Isoniazid prescription assistance programs.
How To Use Isoniazid?
As instructed by your doctor, take this medicine by mouth on an empty stomach (1 hour before or 2 hours after meals). If you’re taking this drug in liquid form, start measuring the dose using a suitable measuring device/spoon. Use a syringe instead of a household spoon to ensure you obtain the exact dose.
If you are also using aluminum-containing antacids, take this medicine at least 1 hour before taking the antacid.
The recommended dose is determined by your age, weight, health problem, and treatment response.
Take this medication at equally spaced intervals for the optimum benefit. If you use this medication regularly, make sure you take it simultaneously each day.
If you are on a weekly plan, take this prescription on the same day(s) and at the same time each day. Make a note on your calendar of the days you need to take the pills.
Continue taking this drug (together with other tuberculosis treatments) until the entire specified dosage is consumed, even if symptoms resolve. Stopping the treatment prematurely or missing doses may allow the germs to thrive, resulting in a recurrence of the illness and making it more difficult to cure (resistant).
Additionally, your doctor may prescribe vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) to help reduce some isoniazid side effects (such as nerve difficulties). Adhere according to your doctor’s recommendations.
Isoniazid may have an adverse reaction when used with meals containing tyramine/histamine (such as cheese, red wine, and specific types of fish). This combination may raise blood pressure, flushed skin, headache, dizziness, or a fast/pounding pulse.
Notify your doctor immediately if any of these symptoms arise. While taking this drug, your doctor may prescribe that you follow a particular diet. Consult your physician for further information.
Inform your doctor if your condition becomes worse.
View Also –